Small Animal Cardiovascular Imaging and Modeling

Date: 
Friday, January 26, 2018 - 1:00pm
Location: 
3110 Etcheverry Hall
Speaker: 
Craig J. Goergen, Ph.D.

Principal Investigator, Cardiovascular Imaging Research Laboratory

Weldon School of Biomedical Engineering

Purdue University

About: 

Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death and disability in the world. Non-invasive imaging has become vital for the detection and monitoring of disease progression, aiding in the development of therapeutics and devices. The research highlighted in this talk describes advancements at the interface of engineering and medicine in order to develop and use multiple imaging modalities to better understand cardiac and vascular disease. For example, conventional ultrasound measurements are commonly based on geometric assumptions from 2D images, often yielding inaccurate results with large variability. Because of this, we have developed a respiratory- and cardiac-gated 3D echocardiography technique to reconstruct ultrasound volumes. We imaged 1) the left ventricles of healthy and infarcted wild-type mice and 2) the abdominal aortas of hyperlipidemic mice with angiotensin II-induced dissecting aneurysms using a position-controlled ultrasound transducer. ECG-gated cine loops at 1000 frames-per-second were acquired at sequential positions and temporally concatenated, generating 4D datasets. Nonlinear image registration was then utilized to calculate deformation fields and project segmented masks across the cardiac cycle and from aneurysmal vessels. The dissecting aneurysm datasets were also used to run detailed hemodynamic simulations over large portions of the abdominal vasculature that include small branching vessels. Finally, novel in vivo photoacoustic approaches will be described for lipid imaging  using endogenous contrast. This is of particular importance for vascular disease, including atherosclerosis, where lipid accumulation can influence plaque formation. The results from all of these studies suggest that differences in morphology, kinematics, hemodynamics, and composition play crucial roles in determining the evolution of both cardiac and vascular disease.

Biography: 

Dr. Goergen is the Principal Investigator of the Cardiovascular Imaging Research Laboratory at Purdue University. His work combines advanced engineering, imaging, and biological approaches to study a variety of cardiac and vascular diseases. With funding from the NIH, NSF, AHA, and the Gates Foundation, Dr. Goergen and his team are working to improve cardiovascular disease diagnosis, treatment, and prevention, ultimately providing patients with longer and more fulfilling lives. Dr. Goergen received a BS degree in biomedical engineering from Washington University in St. Louis and MS and PhD degrees in bioengineering from Stanford University. In graduate school, Dr. Goergen worked with the Biomedical Imaging Group at Genentech to study abdominal aortic aneurysm formation utilizing multiple mouse models. His postdoctoral training in molecular optical imaging at Harvard Medical School focused on cardiac disease and left ventricular remodeling. He joined the faculty at Purdue University in December of 2012 and was recently named the recipient of the 2017 BMES Rita Schaffer Young Investigator Award.

 

Hosted by: Associate Professor Shawn Shadden, 5126 Etcheverry Hall, 510- 664-9800, shadden@berkeley.edu